Daikon Minovashi - a variety that only experienced gardeners prefer. The reason is that the plant is able to develop only when the light day is declining. When planting early, the root crop necessarily goes to the arrow.
Late-ripening vegetables must be planted in the ground in the second half of summer, which violates the usual rhythm of agricultural work.
History of breeding varieties
Daikon is a variety of radish and radish. However, unlike them, he does not have a specific bitterness. Japan is considered the birthplace of the root. There daikon is in first place on the area of crops.
Culture has not received such a spread in Russia. However, some gardeners grow vegetables. Daikon Minovashi is one of the few sought-after varieties. In 2005, the company "Avista" filed an application for registration Minovasi. And since 2007 the grade is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation.
Description of Daikon Minovashi
The length of the root variety Minovasi reaches 60 cm, and in diameter - 10 cm. The root mass reaches 1.5 kg. The shape of the fetus is cylindrical, tapering towards the tip. Foliage in the outlet is located vertically upwards, the extreme one is inclined to the ground. The leaves are dissected, dark green with a gray tint, the size is medium.
The pulp of the root Minowashi juicy, tender, dense. Porous and loose does not happen. The taste is sweetish. The skin is thin, white, near the base - green.Attention! Daikon leaves varieties Minovasi used to make salads.
Daikon Minovashi is recommended for cultivation in all regions of the country. A variety of late ripening. Biological maturity of fruits occurs at about 70-75 days after sowing the seeds. But this period can not wait, and use daikon 7-10 days earlier. In order for the vegetable to have a long storage period, it must fully ripen, its taste qualities remain up to six months.Attention! There are seeds of early ripe daikon Minovasi, whose fruit ripening period is 50 days, the length of the root crop is up to 40 cm.
There are other "twins" varieties.
According to varietal characteristics daikon Minovasi, with 1 square. m harvested up to 13 kg yield. After collecting the fruits shake off the ground, slightly dried and transferred to a dark place. Favorable storage temperature 0-5 ° С. Shelf life is 2-3 months.
Resistance to diseases and pests
In the case of improper farming, daikon Minovashi suffers from the following bacterial diseases:
- vascular and mucous bacteriosis;
To cope with the infection and remove it from the garden, it is necessary to use antibacterial drugs such as "Planriz", "Binoram".
Among the pests that pose a real danger to the root, it is worth to highlight slugs, cabbage flies, cruciferous flea, garden moth, aphids. You can fight parasites with the help of soap, a low concentrated solution of potassium permanganate, hot red pepper and other popular methods. Or resort to bioinsecticides in the form of "Bitoxibacillin", "Actofit", "Lepidotsida". Apply them according to the attached instructions.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
For daikon Minovashi varieties characterized by the following positive qualities:
- early maturity;
- the possibility of planting daikon after the previous batch of vegetables has already been collected;
- excellent taste;
- valuable mineral composition of the root;
- lack of increased requirements in the process of growing;
- environmental friendliness, the vegetable does not accumulate harmful substances.
Now about the shortcomings. First, it is low frost resistance. Air temperature from + 10 ° С and below will be considered unfavorable for the daikon variety Minovashi. Secondly, a long light day. As a result, the root crop blooms, losing valuable taste. Planted vegetable in early spring or late summer.
Planting and care of daikon Minovashi
Grow daikon as easy as another vegetable. The difficulty lies only in the right time for landing. Everything depends not even on the climatic characteristics of the region, but on the weather conditions on the day of disembarkation. It is important that the vegetable goes to the root, and does not start to bloom.
There are spring and summer planting daikon.
In the spring to plant vegetables as early as possible. You should not be afraid of cold weather, the seeds will survive even severe frosts. However, the fruit of spring daikon is not stored for a long time. It, like radishes, should be consumed after ripening. Also this vegetable is more prone to bolting. When growing greenhouse planting is better to arrange in late March or early April. For open ground, the time shifts a little - the last week of April or the beginning of May.
In the summer they plant a minikashi daikon from the beginning of July until the beginning of August. Usually sowed root seeds in the beds after dill, green onions, lettuce. Plus, summer planting is that the pests in this period becomes less, and such a vegetable is capable of long-term storage. However, the root may not have time to grow to the maximum size.Attention! Daikon Minowashi seeds are selected for a specific planting period.
Preparation of beds
Land for daikon desirable to choose sunny. When growing a plant in the shade, the foliage will be thin and long, and the root crop will be small, gnarled. Good beds are suitable, where they used to grow tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, onions. Not the best predecessors will be radishes, cabbage. To the composition of the soil, the daikon variety Minovasi is undemanding. The only thing that is harder to pull out a ripe vegetable from solid ground.
Site preparation for planting daikon is to dig up the soil, which was previously fertilized. On 1 square. m need:
- humus with a volume of 10 liters and 200 g of wood ash;
- 10-15 g of potassium sulfate and urea;
- 20-30 g nitroammofoski.
This mineral complex feeds the soil, restoring reserves that have been spent.
Having decided on the timing of landing daikon Minovashi, you should proceed to the immediate process of planting and leaving after.
- On the bed form grooves at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other, with a depth of 3 cm.
- Water is watered with warm water and waiting for complete absorption.
- Seed varieties of daikon Minovasi every 20 cm.
- Sprinkled with earth and a little tamped.
- For faster germination, the area is covered with a film or agrofibre.
- After 5-6 days, the shelter is removed.
Further activities for the care of vegetables consist in regular watering, loosening, weeding.
Daikon Minovasi varieties should be regularly and moderately watered. The lack of moisture makes it bitter, dry and hard to taste. And excessive moisture leads to cracking of the fruit. On average, watering is enough to produce 1 time in 5 days. On hotter days, the procedure should be done more often. During the rainy season - less. The ground around the daikon must be wet. Dry soil will lead to negative consequences.
During the entire growing season, care must be taken to ensure that weeds do not grow near the plant, and the soil is loose. After each moisturizing procedure, the ground needs to be weeded and loosened. When the roots appear on the surface, they begin to pile up to protect against possible damage.Tip! To facilitate the care will help the mulch layer of straw or peat.
Collection and storage
2 weeks before harvest, the Minovas daikon variety stops watering. And moisten the ground before harvesting lightly. The root itself is undermined and gently dragged by the tops. The main thing that he did not break off. Deformed, broken, diseased plants are not subject to long-term storage. They are used first.
After drying, remove the soil and leaves. You can store vegetables in the refrigerator or cellar. Storage time for the Minovasi variety is up to six months.Attention! To root did not fade, you need to monitor the level of humidity.
Pest and disease control
Preventive measures will help protect vegetables from health problems:
- comply with the requirements for crop rotation;
- prepare seeds for planting;
- remove weeds, loosen the soil;
- timely processing of root crops from pests;
- plant next to the daikon garden Minowashi marigolds.
Daikon Minovashi - late ripe grade. Under favorable weather conditions, its weight reaches 4 kg. Root is valuable for its healing properties. When planting in the summer, the vegetable will be stored almost until spring, and will rid the body of vitamin deficiency and colds.