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How to distinguish reparative raspberries from the usual

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Raspberries - this berry, with which mankind is familiar from ancient times. Probably, there is no such garden or vegetable garden on the territory of Russia, wherever this as tasty as a useful berry grows. But, how little gardeners still know about it.

The repair raspberry, with its appearance at first stirred up all the keen gardeners. This culture became so popular that everyone could forget about ordinary raspberries. But everything turned out to be not as simple as it seemed at the beginning, and as it was written in enthusiastic advertising booklets. Many gardeners who planted it on their plots and strictly followed the recommendations did not receive the gigantic harvests they were promised. For some, frustration reached such a level that they even uprooted all sorts of remontant raspberries.

But, as always, the truth is somewhere in the middle, and the remontant raspberry can, under certain conditions, really produce a crop that surpasses the yields of ordinary raspberry varieties.

Attention! But she has features that should be considered, otherwise the crop can not be obtained at all.

So, first things first.

What is repair raspberry

Many novice gardeners, when confronted with it for the first time, do not understand very well what this means.

Comment! Under repairability usually understand the property of any crop to continuous fruiting.

Of course, if you imagine that instead of the usual two or three weeks of fruiting traditional raspberry varieties, raspberries appear that can bear fruit all summer and even the whole autumn, the picture is very seductive. It is not surprising that a large number of people, not understanding thoroughly what the repair quality of raspberries consists in, hurried to purchase these varieties. And soon enough, disappointed, completely rejected the novelty, not wanting to see anything outstanding in it.

In fact, remontant raspberry is a raspberry, which is distinguished by the ability to bear fruit on both one-year and two-year shoots.

A bit of history

Despite the fact that in Russia, remontant varieties officially began to grow only the last 20-30 years, they were known for a long time. More than 200 years ago, raspberry varieties were first described, which differed in that, at the end of the summer, they had individual flowers on their annual shoots, which then turned into berries. Even in Russia in the southern regions there were some representatives of such raspberry plants. In his time, Michurin even bred a separate variety called Progress, which was distinguished by the fact that in favorable conditions at the one-year increase it produced a small crop of berries in the autumn.

But until the 70s of the last century, no one in Russia was engaged in the cultivation of raspberry repair varieties. A significant contribution to the breeding of new remontant varieties was made by Professor Kazakov.

Important! New varieties, such as Eurasia, Golden Autumn, Atlant, Diamond, differ in quality and productivity and that is especially valuable in the early ripening of autumn harvests.

Features of repair raspberry

In the spring, with the onset of warm days, new one-year shoots grow from the underground part of the bushes of the repair raspberry. Already in the summer they bloom, and since August a lot of berries form on them. Depending on the variety, it is possible to collect from 1.5 to 3.5 kg of berries from one raspberry bush. With the onset of winter, the entire upper part of the shoots die off. But the rest of the overwinter safely and the next year in the summer fruit sprigs are formed on it, from which the first crop can be harvested.

At the same time, the so-called second harvest also forms on the new shoots by autumn. It is due to the formation of two harvests, separated by time, on the shoots of different ages, and there is a feeling of constant fruiting of reparative raspberries from July to frost. But this is only in theory. In practice, many gardeners note that the berries of the first harvest are quite small and somewhat dry, and the second crop is formed so late that for most regions of Russia it simply does not have time to ripen.

Therefore, it was recommended to grow remontant raspberries, practically, as an annual crop. That is, in late autumn, all shoots are cut off completely at ground level. And in the spring, when young shoots are formed again, they give an earlier (from the beginning of August) and bountiful harvest. In the fall all the shoots are cut out again at the root. Thus, instead of two waves of fruiting, one remains, but abundant and guaranteed.

With this method of growing raspberries, it will not be possible to feast on it throughout the summer and autumn, but the big advantage is the fact that when pruning the shoots for the winter, numerous pests and infection sources for raspberries are removed with them. In addition, due to the shift in the ripening of berries, by the autumn all phases of raspberry development shift in time and they cease to coincide with the main phases of the activity of the main raspberry pests. Therefore, the berries of the remontant raspberry practically don’t get sick, and rarely insect damage can be found in them.

However, for the southern regions of Russia, the attractiveness of the extended periods of fruiting of reparative raspberries still remains relevant. Indeed, in the south, even the latest raspberry harvests, as a rule, have time to ripen. In addition, remontant raspberry varieties are distinguished by increased frost resistance, which allows the berries to remain intact on the bush when small short frosts occur and to develop further when warm days come.

Therefore, in the southern regions of Russia, remontant raspberries are grown differently:

  • Autumn raspberries are not pruned at all.
  • In spring, all the frail and infirmities are removed from the emerged shoots, so that in the end there remain from three to six strong new shoots.
  • In May - early June, when shoots grow up to a height of approximately one meter, their tops pinch.
  • As a result, they are overgrown with new fruit sprigs, from which, since September, it is already possible to harvest.
  • By this time, the shoots of last year already have time to give their berries and are completely cut, so as not to deprive the young shoots. It turns out almost continuous fruiting.

The above two methods of growing remontant raspberries are illustrated in the photo below.

Of the features of the repair raspberry, it is necessary to take into account the fact that, due to the heavy load, it is somewhat more demanding in its growing conditions. She needs the lightest and warmest place on the site. In addition, it needs constant and abundant feeding and watering. Without creating these conditions, obtaining two yields becomes impossible.

In addition, it is necessary to take into account that for the season the total number of berries with two harvests will remain the same as with one. Just harvest is divided into two parts. Therefore, each gardener decides for himself, on the basis of his climatic conditions, which method of growing and pruning remontant raspberries to choose.

Differences remontant raspberry from ordinary

The main question that torments every novice gardener, who has a little experience in growing raspberries, and how to distinguish remontant raspberries from the usual. Of course, outwardly, for example, their seedlings are practically no different. After all, the repair raspberry is not some special wonder of the world. This is a common raspberry, in which certain properties have been strengthened and strengthened by selection. These properties can serve as signs of difference.

Comment! Watch carefully for your raspberries. If you notice that at the end of the summer, in August, flowers and fruit ovaries begin to appear on the youngest annual shoots, then you will see the repair raspberry. If they are not there, then raspberries are most likely ordinary.

So, summing up the above, we can consider the difference between repair and raspberry varieties from ordinary ones:

  • The repair raspberry bears fruit twice a year, if it is not pruned, but the common one.
  • The total yield of the repair raspberry, even if it is cut and left with one crop, is greater than that of the ordinary one. This is quite clearly seen in the photo.
  • When pruned in autumn, the only harvest of the repair raspberry ripens closer to the fall, and the common raspberry fruits in June - July.
  • The total period of fruiting, even with a single harvest, is about two months for a remontant raspberry under favorable weather conditions, and for an ordinary one only 2-3 weeks.
  • In the repair raspberry, flowers and fruits are located more throughout the stem, including in the lower axils of the leaves, while in the ordinary, they can be found only at the ends of the shoots. Look at the photo below.
  • Due to the ability of flowers of the repair raspberry to self-pollination, it does not need replanting of other varieties for pollination.
  • The repair raspberry, according to some experts, differs from the ordinary variety in the taste of berries. In the repair raspberry it is deeper and richer, but this is a moot point, since the taste characteristics are very delicate.
  • Repair raspberries are much more demanding on planting and growing conditions than ordinary ones.

Both remontant and ordinary raspberry varieties deserve to grow in your garden. Each of these species has its advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, it is better if they grow together, and then you can enjoy the taste of raspberry berries during the whole warm season.

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