What flowers can be planted in the fall


Not every summer resident knows that flowers can be planted in the fall. It sounds, of course, strange, because in the autumn period the garden is empty, all the works of the summer resident end, nature is preparing for winter. Despite everything, autumn is a great time for planting many varieties of plants, and this phenomenon has a scientific explanation. Only here not all flowers withstand winter frosts, many of them are recommended to be planted in spring or even in summer.

About the features of planting flowers for the winter, as well as what flowers are planted in the autumn, you can learn from this article.

Features of the autumn planting

Spring planting of flower seeds is not surprising to anyone, however, many gardeners successfully practice planting ornamental plants in the fall, when the soil cools and the temperature begins to decline rapidly.

Such actions are fully justified, because the flowers planted in the fall have a lot of advantages:

  1. Plants are hardened, in the end, they are better tolerate spring frosts, from which all shoots sown in spring may die.
  2. The root system of flowers that are planted in the fall, has time to develop well, such plants do not need frequent watering, because their roots go deep into the ground.
  3. Thawed snow well nourishes saplings and seeds of winter flowers with water, the beds will not have to be watered, as required by spring planting of seeds.
  4. In the autumn, summer residents have much more free time, because they do not need to think about planting vegetables, feeding the soil, watering and other spring problems. There is a time to do the decoration of the beds, draw up an arrangement of flowers, arrange plants in color and height.
  5. Winter flowers will bloom for 10-20 days earlier than those that will be planted next spring.
  6. Among annual and perennial plants there are a lot of frost-resistant varieties, which means that the seedlings will withstand the cold winter.

There are also disadvantages to podzimny floriculture, but they are quite insignificant. The first is lower seed germination, when compared with the usual spring planting. Yes, sowing flowers will have to be thicker, more planting material will be needed. But all the surviving plants will be hardened and strong, they are not a country of drought, cold, disease and pests.

The second small drawback - you need to think about what flowers can be planted in the autumn, and which are completely unsuitable for these purposes. The answer is simple: absolutely all frost-resistant varieties will do. And there are a lot of them, there are plenty to choose from.

What flowers to plant in the fall

The first thing that comes to mind is indoor flowers, which are not afraid of frost, snow and icy wind in the house. In practice, there are many plants for which the autumn planting is not just possible, this method of cultivation is the only correct one.

What flowers can be planted in autumn:

  • Perennials with a life cycle of two or more years. The advantage of autumn planting is that perennials will have several months of winter time in order to strengthen, develop the root system. As a result, these flowers may bloom in the coming spring, while the usual spring planting will shift the flowering time right up until next year. In addition, perennials will be very useful for hardening - after all, there will be more than one wintering.
  • Bulb flowers are almost always planted in the winter. Here you need to be careful in choosing a plant variety, since there are many flowers, the bulbs of which are afraid of cold weather, therefore, on the contrary, they are dug for the winter.
  • Annual flowers, as well as perennials, the method of planting which consists in sowing seeds. To sow the seeds of such flowers should be properly, then the plants will grow strong and hardened, flower stalks will appear on them much earlier than usual terms.

It turns out that you can plant almost all blooming plant species in the fall - you just need to choose the right variety.

Annual flowers for planting under the winter

Annuals usually breed by seed. Many gardeners sow them in a well-heated spring ground, then regularly water, fertilize and monitor the condition of the seedlings. The whole process may be aggravated by the need to grow seedlings of flowers in indoor conditions.

Planting annual flowers in the fall will help to avoid difficulties. As a rule, such flowers are chosen for this purpose, which in nature can reproduce by self-sowing.

This group includes:

  • fragrant rezedu;
  • phlox;
  • chrysanthemum keeled;
  • mattiola;
  • Snapdragon;
  • macaque;
  • scabiosa;
  • iberis;
  • calendula;
  • Ajax delphinium;
  • Astra Chinese;
  • allisum and many others.

Tip! If, nevertheless, there are doubts as to whether it is possible to plant specific annuals in the autumn, it is recommended to check the bag with seeds.

The inscription that the flower seeds need to be stratified before planting gives a "green" light - such annuals can certainly be sown in frozen ground.

Which perennials are suitable for autumn planting

Among the perennial flowers can be found those that multiply in several ways at once, or those that can be planted using only one method. As practice shows, planting perennials in the fall is not only possible but necessary. This not only brings the flowering of these plants closer, but also makes them more resistant, strong and resilient.

Since autumn, perennials can be planted in several ways:

  • seeds (then the method of planting coincides with the sowing of seeds of annual plants);
  • bulbs (this should be done a few weeks before the real cold and the first frost);
  • cuttings or dividing the roots (before the first autumn frosts there should be at least 2-3 weeks for the processes to take root).
Important! Pits and holes for planting flower cuttings and roots must be prepared in advance.

If planting is scheduled for autumn, care should be taken about the pit in the spring. In addition, you need to pre-fertilize the soil for flowers.

From the "winter" perennials can be called:

  • lupine;
  • spurge;
  • rudbeckia;
  • Oriental Poppy;
  • center;
  • delphinium;
  • gailardia;
  • buzulnik;
  • gypsophila;
  • aconite;
  • alpine aster;
  • hosts.

In fact, in the group of perennial flowers there are a lot of varieties that recommend autumn planting.

How to sow flower seeds in the fall

With what flowers to plant under the winter, figured out, now it's worth talking about how to do it. If the planting of perennials, breeding bulbs or roots, should not arise - these flowers should be planted in the same way as in spring, then sowing seeds in the cold autumn ground causes a lot of disagreement.

The first thing you need to learn gardener - the seeds for autumn planting will need one and a half times more, since not all of them can withstand the cold and germinate in early spring.

The second important factor is that the earth should cool down well, maybe even freeze. If you sow flower seeds in a warm ground, they will start a development program, the seeds will hatch, tender shoots will appear that will surely die from frost.

And the third condition: correctly selected area. When winters in the region are dominated by frosty but snowless, it is worth looking for a place in the shade. If this is not done, the scorching rays of the winter sun will burn the seeds located at a shallow depth and destroy them. There should not be a place for flowers located in the valley, because then the seeds will be washed with thawed spring waters.

The place is chosen, now you can start sowing flowers:

  1. They dig up the earth in September, at the same time they make the fertilizers necessary for the plants.
  2. At the end of November or in the first days of December, when the topsoil freezes, you can sow the seeds. Flowers are sown densely, the wells under them are shallow: for small seeds - 1 cm, larger ones are buried by 3-5 cm.
  3. Top landing sprinkled with a mixture of sand and humus or peat.
  4. To prevent the birds from pulling out the seeds, it is necessary to compact the soil a little.
  5. Adjust the temperature over the planting will help dry leaves and fir twigs - they cover the grooves with seeds.

In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, it is recommended to cover the planting of flowers with a film until the first shoots appear. In the phase of the appearance of several leaves, plantings should be thinned out, the procedure is repeated after another two weeks, leaving sufficient space between the plants.

Attention! This method of planting is suitable for both annuals and perennial flowers propagated by seeds.

Sowing annuals in winter

Seeds of particularly cold-resistant annual plants are planted in winter, when the ground will freeze well. Typically, this option is chosen for seeds that are recommended stratification - freezing before planting in the ground and germination of seedlings.

They prepare the soil also in September, only the wells and grooves for the seeds do not need to, as they will be laid directly in the snow. Proceeding from this, it becomes clear that the planting of flowers can begin only when the ground is covered by a layer of snow - its thickness must be at least 25 cm.

The snow is carefully tamped down or simply trampled down, then the seeds of annuals are laid out on it, observing the planting pattern and carrying out the designed patterns. After this, the flower seeds are covered with a layer of sand and humus or peat, then covered with a layer of snow. All this will protect the seeds from wind and birds.

Tip! The snow needs to be properly condensed not only from below, but also from above and from the sides. This is necessary to protect annual seeds from rodents, insects and birds.

Autumn planting of flowers has a lot of advantages, and, most importantly, one of them - “winter crops” bloom much earlier than their spring counterparts. This quality is especially appreciated by experienced gardeners, those who grow flowers for sale or just love to show off to their neighbors.

Annuals and perennials bloom, planted in the fall, will be no worse, on the contrary, their inflorescences are usually large, and the plants themselves are distinguished by excellent health and strength. So, definitely, this method of landing must be tested on your own site.